When clean energy sources such as solar, wind and hydro are converted into electricity, they can address up to two-thirds of global greenhouse gas emissions.
But what about the remaining third?
Green Hydrogen and other Hydrogen-based fuels, like Green Ammonia, tackle the hard-to-decarbonize parts of the economy, where electricity is an inadequate solution.
Main uses of Green Hydrogen and Green Ammonia:
Power & Heat generation by burning Hydrogen or Ammonia in conventional gas turbines & coal fired plants. Electricity companies as well as the steel, cement, metals, glass and ceramics industries all have power and high temperature requirements far greater than electricity can provide.
Maritime and aviation fuel for long distance transport. Hydrogen and Ammonia can be used to power a fuel cell or can also be burned in a combustion engine. Ships and planes need the energy-density of clean fuels (not currently feasible with batteries) to travel long distances across the oceans and skies.
Clean fuels are transportable, enabling production in geographies with abundant renewable energy resources for export to the rest of the world. Clean fuels can be stored and used when needed, enabling utilities to manage seasonal variation of renewable energy sources like solar and wind.
Green Ammonia is a Hydrogen-based fuel that is made by combining Green Hydrogen and Nitrogen via the Haber-Bosch Process. It has similar properties to Hydrogen, making it an excellent fuel. In addition, it has a few advantages over pure Hydrogen.
Ammonia is more energy dense making it a cheaper and safer to store and to transport than Hydrogen.
Ammonia has a well-established global supply chain due to its critical role in the fertilizer industry making it the Hydrogen-based fuel that is most suitable for long distance transport and storage.